Elaine Cox, M.D.

Elaine Cox, M.D.

Professor of Clinical Pediatrics

Phone: 317-944-7260
Email: elmcox@iu.edu
705 Riley Hospital Drive, RI-3032,
Indianapolis, IN 46202


Pediatric Infectious Disease; Patient Safety


Infection prevention, antimicrobial stewardship, patient safety

Dr. Cox was educated at Indiana University and is a board certified pediatrician with clinical practice in infectious diseases.  She has special interests in infection prevention, device infections, antimicrobial stewardship, patient safety, and advocacy for pediatric healthcare.


1986 BS in Biochemistry, Indiana University
1990 MD, Indiana University School of Medicine
1993 Residency in Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine


Indiana Perinatal Network Spirit of Service Award; Courage To Live Awards Indiana Minority AIDs Coalition Compassionate Caregiver of the Year; IBJ Healthcare Hero Award (physician category); Indianapolis Coalition for Patient Safety Patient Safety Hero Award; President’s Values Leadership Award at IU Health; Recognizing External Achievement Award, Indiana University; 


Riley Hospital for Children at IU Health


Clinical research in infection prevention, device infections, and antimicrobial stewardship.


(See PubMed)

Beardsley AL, Nitu ME, Cox EG, Benneyworth BD. An Evaluation of Various Ventilator Associated Infection Criteria in a PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. Epub ahead of print; October 22, 2015.

Ifeachor AP, Nichols KR, Morris JL, Cox EG, Smith JL, Sinclair EA. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for external ventricular drains in pediatric neurosurgical patients. Paedriatr Drugs Mar 2015 Epub ahead of print.

Nichols KR, Karmire LC, Cox EG, Kays MB, Knoderer CK. Implementing extended infusion Cefepime as standard of care in a children’s hospital—a prospective descriptive trial. Ann Phamacother Apr 2015:49(4):419-26.

Jones SJ, Nichols KR, DeYoung HL, Cox EG, Knoderer CA. Linezolid-associated thrombocytopenia in children with renal impairment. J Ped Infect Dis 2014; In press.

Knoderer CA, Nichols KR, Cox EG. Optimized antimicrobial dosing strategies: a survey of pediatric hospitals. Paediatr Drugs Dec 2014;16(6):523-9.

Coffin SE, Klieger SB, Duggan C, et al for the Pediatric Prevention EpiCenter Consortium (EG Cox member). Central line associated bloodstream infections in neonates with gastrointestinal conditions: developing a candidate definition for mucosal barrier injury in bloodstream infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol Nov 2014;35(11):1391-1399.

Saysana M, McCaskey M, Cox E,Thompson R, Tuttle L

Webber EC, Smith S, Nichols KR, Crumby AS, Cox EG. Conversion of a single-facility pediatric antimicrobial stewardship program to multi-facility application with computerized provider order entry and clinical decision support. Applied Clinical Informatics. Appl Clin Inform Nov 2013;4(4):556-68.

Wocial L, Cox EG. An ethical analysis of opt-out HIV screening for pregnant women. JOGNN. J Obstet Gyencol neonatal Nurs Jul 2013;42(4):485-91.

Cox EG, Knoderer CA, Jennings A, Brow, JW, Rodefeld MD, Walker SG, Turrentine MW. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Catheter-related Infectious Event Rates Using Antibiotic Impregnated Catheters vs. Conventional Catheters in Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery Patients. JPIDs March 2013; 2(1): 67-70.
Cox EG, Christenson JC. Rotavirus, Pediatrics in Review 2012;33;439-445.

Nichols K, Knoderer CA, Cox EG. System-wide Implementation of the Use of an Extended infusion Piperacillin/tazobactam Dosing Strategy: Feasibility of Utilization From a Children’s Hospital Perspective. Clinical Therapeutics 2012; 34(6):1459-65.

Cox EG, Flaspohler T, Jennings A, Bringman S, Crumpacker B, Cordes T, Turrentine M. Attempts to Change Culture in a Line Obsessed Pediatric World: the Riley Heart Center Line Initiative. AJIC 2011 Oct;39(8):690-2.

Miller EG, Knoderer CA, Cox EG, Kleiman MB. Assessment of the validity of reported antibiotic allergic reactions in pediatric patients. Pharmacotherapy Aug 2011;31:736-41.

Knoderer CA, Cox EG, Berg MD, Webster AH, Turrentine MW. Efficacy of limited cefuroxime prophylaxis in pediatric patients after CV surgery. Am J Healt Syst Pharm.May 2011; 68(10):909-14.

Sanchez-Mejia A, DeBrunner M, Cox EG, Caldwell R. Acquired toxoplasmosis following orthotopic heart transplantation in a sulfonamide-allergic patient. Pediatr Cardiol Jan 2011; 32(1):91-3.

Knoderer CA, Morris JL, Cox EG. Continuous infusion of nafcillin for sternal osteomyelitis in an infant following cardiac surgery. J Pediattr Pharmacol Ther. 2010; 15:49-54.

Cox EG, Kleiman MB, Gelfand I. Acute deafness as the presenting symptom of bacterial meningitis. Ped Inf Dis. Apr 2009;28(4);342-3.

Knoderer CA, Anderson EM, Cox EG. International survey of congenital heart
Surgeons for antimicrobial prophylaxis for pediatric cardiac surgery.Am J Healt Syst Pharm. Nov 2008;65(21);2008-10.

Steiner SJ, Cox EG, Gupta SK, Kleiman MB, Fitzgerald JF. Esophageal Diverticulum: A Complication of Histoplasmosis in Children. J Pediatr. 2005; 146(3):426-8.